Today, companies that use heavy equipment typically spend significant amounts of money to acquire these vital assets. Maintaining the fleet and keeping the equiment in good condition helps protect the substantial financial investment they represent. We should know since we’re one of the leading commercial construction companies in the nation; that means we also know all about maintaining heavy construction equipment to increase productivity and extend the lifetime.
Maintaining Heavy Construction Equipment
Consider implementing these eight steps to assist the operation of heavy job site equipment:
Step One: Maintain Operational Records
Possibly the most helpful step owners take in performing regular maintenance of heavy equipment concerns keeping complete, accurate records and servicing checklists. By outlining the protocols involved in servicing each piece of machinery used for construction services, and tracking inspections and repairs, companies help preserve the useful working life of vehicles in heavy equipment fleets. If personnel changes occur, new employees will know which items require maintenance.
Step Two: Perform Regular Cleaning
Another important step a company takes to preserve and maintain heavy equipment in good working order involves scheduling a regular cleaning routine. During field operations, heavy construction equipment faces adverse environmental conditions. From pounding rain to muddy terrain to dust storms, the forces of nature will batter machinery. Scheduling frequent cleaning of the equipment helps maintenance personnel keep track of the condition of different items much better. Additionally, this process contributes to the appearance of heavy equipment at work sites.
Step Three: Record Fluid Levels
Some experts recommend establishing written guidelines for keeping fluids filled. Although not all items of heavy equipment use fluids extensively (antifreeze, windshield wiper fluids, etc.) some do. Documenting periodic refills enable maintenance personnel to detect potential operational problems at an early point, sometimes.
Step Four: Perform Regular Lubrication
Just as automobile engines benefit from regular greasing and oiling, engines and motors in equipment used for heavy construction projects usually also require periodic maintenance. Following manufacturer guidelines in this area helps to preserve the equipment and will extend their lifetime. Maintaining documentation detailing maintenance issues is critical to keeping heavy construction equipment up and running.
Step Five: Protect Electrical Wiring
Experts recommend paying particular attention to protecting any electrical wiring on heavy equipment from exposure to the elements. For instance, it may make sense to cover machinery with a secure protective tarp, or to shelter the equipment under a covering to prevent unnecessary wear and tear on the electrical components. Rainwater, melting ice, and snow can leak inside the machinery during years of field operations, and without proper protection, exposure to the elements will drastically shorten the productivity and lifetime of the equipment.
Step Six: Check Tire And Axle Condition
Usually, manufacturers produce very durable mobility mechanisms for heavy equipment, yet it still makes sense to inspect the parts of the machinery in contact with the ground at periodic intervals. Chunks of debris, such as loose gravel or mud, may lodge in out-of-the-way locations, and removing this material assists the operation of the machinery. Additionally, checking the tread and general condition of the dump truck, trailer tires, and axles helps avoid problems in the field.
Step Seven: Inspect For Leaks
It makes sense to take a few minutes to check for visible signs of oil leakage during regularly scheduled heavy equipment cleaning sessions. Most sources recommend establishing written protocols for this type of inspection. By paying attention to possibly leaky valves, owners of this expensive equipment can obtain necessary repairs much faster, assisting the operation of the machinery.
Step Eight: Inspect For Misalignment
The rough terrains in which heavy equipment routinely operates may impose burdens on vehicle alignment in some situations. Although this type of machinery withstands adverse conditions much better than many other vehicles, assuring proper alignment in some cases remains essential. Scheduling regular inspections to review this issue helps extend the working life of some items of construction equipment.